Mr Speaker, I begto move, that this Honourable Houseadopts the Report of the Committee onFood, Agriculture and Cocoa Affairs on (i) Regulation C/REG.4/05/2008 onharmonisation of the rulesgoverning quality control,certification and marketing ofplant seeds and seedlings in theECOWAS Region; and (ii) Regulation C/REG.13/12/12Relating to fertilizer qualitycontrol in the ECOWAS Region.
Introduction The Regulation (C/REG.4/05/2008) onharmonisation of the rules governingquality control, certification and marketingof plant seeds and seedlings, andRegulation (C/REG. 13/12/12) relating tofertilizer quality control in the ECOWASRegion were laid in Parliament on 14thJune, 2016, by the Minister for Food andAgriculture. The Rt Hon Speaker referred the twoAgreements to the Committee on Food,Agriculture and Cocoa Affairs, forconsideration and report, pursuant toarticle 75 (2) of the 1992 Constitution andOrder 176 of the Standing Orders ofParliament. The Committee subsequently met withthe Ministry of Food and Agriculture andthe Seed Council and considered the
Agreements. The Committee is grateful tothe Minister for Food and Agriculture, DrLimuna Mohammed-Muniru, the DeputyMinister in charge of Crops, Dr AlhassanAhmed Yakubu, the technical staff of theMinistry and the representatives of theSeed Council for their invaluable inputs. The scope of this Report covers thetwo (2) Regulations referred to theCommittee.
Reference materials In considering the Agreements, theCommittee made reference to the followingdocuments:
i. The 1992 Constitution of Ghana;and ii. The Standing Orders ofParliament.
Background information It is estimated that the agriculturalsector contributes between 25 per cent to65 per cent of the Gross Domestic Proudct(GDP) of ECOWAS member countries.However, the sector is characterised bydominance of small-scale farming, withlow productivity due in part to the lowuse of fertilizers and poor seeds. In many cases, the response to theincreasing demand for food has resultedin expanding the area cultivated. Thisstrategy has contributed to theprogressive land degradation and itsattendant loss of soil fertility. It is again estimated that, potentialdemand for seed for six crops (maize, rice,sorghum, cowpea, soybean andgroundnut), in seven countries, (Ghana,Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Niger,Mali and Gambia) increased from 565,000to 762,676 tonnes between 2009 and 2012,while actual seed supply during the sameperiod increased from 35,000 to 99,452