Mr Speaker, the reasons attributable to the current power supply challenges include the following:
(i) Exponential growth of demand for power over the last decade.
(ii) Poor hydrology
(iii)The non-availability of some generating units through faults
(iv) Mandatory inspection and routine maintenance and fuel supply challenges among others.
Mr Speaker, concrete measures being taken by the Ministry to end the ongoing load-shedding exercise, and also to ensure that it does not occur again in Ghana include the following:
Short term Measures:
a) Restoration of already existing plants that had been shut down.
b) Completion of the following projects:
220 MW Kpone Thermal Power Project,
110 MW TICO Expansion Project,
180 MW Asogli Phase II (1) Project
c) Emergency Power Project
Mr Speaker, under the emergency or fast track measures, the following projects are currently being worked on:
The 225 MW power ship. Preparatory works are in progress on this.
The 250MW Amery-Energy Power Project. Civil works have also commenced on this.
The 370 MW AKSA Project, and
Emergency Power Agreement has been initiated. We have received Cabinet approval and it would come before this Honourable House for approval.
110MW TEN Power Project.
The Emergency Power Agreement has been signed, it is going through Cabinet and it would come to this House for approval.300MW GE Power Project—the Emergency Power Agreement is being finalised.
Mr Speaker, the above projects should be adding power to the national grid by the end of this year, 2015.
Mr Speaker, in terms of fuel solutions to address the erratic nature of gas supply from Nigeria, through the West Africa Gas Bipeline, the following projects are currently being considered;
Emergency L&G project to be delivered in five months at Tema by West Africa Gas Limited.
Regular L&G Project to be delivered by Quantum Power Ghana, in the second quarter of 2016.
Mr Speaker, in the medium- term, and in line with Government's promise to ensure that load shedding does not reoccur in the foreseeable future -- arising out of generation deficit at the end of the current one, the Ghanaian State is creating the enabling environment for both State and non-State actors to add substantial capacity to our generation mix, to ensure an adequate redundancy as required under international best practice.
Mr Speaker, Government is also conscious of the need to address the trilemma of energy that is, availability of supply, affordability and security of supply and would not relent in this effort. Consequently, the Ministry of Power is encouraging both conventional and non- conventional forms of generation by encouraging new gas fired plants, biomass fuel plants, solar and wind farms, tidal power generation as well as clean coal fuel generation.
Mr Speaker, the Ministry believes that, when these measures, especially, the short-term measures fully come to fruition, load shedding will be a thing of the past.